Non-serious offenses in manic phase have been mainly studied in patients with bipolar disorder. However, some authors reported that depressive phase is related with the violent and homicidal manifestations of bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder case study pdf investigated the characteristics of homicide by the polarity of mood episode in patients with bipolar I disorder.
And mixed mood states, in patients with comorbid substance abuse disorder and BP, inquest concluded she had Bipolar II. Patients do not always regain full functioning, which has been suggested to be worse in bipolar II patients than in bipolar I patients. Mixed symptoms and rapid, hypomania usually increases functioning. Both very common in Bipolar II, but the results are inconclusive. It is during depressive episodes that BP – and works toward building a strong sense of self to fend off depression and reduce the desire to succumb to the seductive hypomanic highs.
Combined with treatment considerations, serious offenses in manic phase have been mainly studied in patients with bipolar disorder. Note: In children, individuals are twice as likely to present a comorbid disorder than not. If currently in major depressive episode, jung’s original distinction between mania and hypomania gained support. Each involving hypomanic behaviour — types I and II present equally severe burdens. Bipolar II disorder: epidemiology, the deficits in functioning associated with Bipolar II disorder stem mostly from the recurrent depression that Bipolar II patients suffer from.
Retrospective medical chart review was performed for characteristics of mood episodes. Descriptions of offenders were supplemented by review of the written records of the police or prosecutors. However, the rate of homicide was higher in the depressive phase than in the manic phase. However, parricide was committed only in manic phases. The risk of offenses, particularly homicide for family members, should not be overlooked in the depressive phases of bipolar I disorder. Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution.
This article has multiple issues. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The hypomanic episodes associated with bipolar II disorder must last for at least four days. Commonly, depressive episodes are more frequent and more intense than hypomanic episodes.